Bioarchaeology focuses on the investigation of biological remains from archaeological sites. As a broad discipline, it comprises two major strands: zooarchaeology (or the study of animal remains), and archaeobotany the study of plant remains). Both strands are represented within CAS.
Archaeobotanical analysis can inform on aspects of palaeoenvironment and human subsistence practices from the study of macrobotanical remains (such as seeds and charcoal), or microfossils (such as pollen and phytoliths). Jenny Atchison investigates both contemporary and ancient human use of plants, within an Australian context.
CAS also hosts expertise in the analysis of vertebrate and invertebrate faunas, primarily from the tropical Asia-Pacific region. Gert van den Bergh draws on his palaeontological experience in the investigation of recent and fossil faunas across Southeast Asia, with particular interests in the palaeozoogeography and evolution of elephants and their relatives. Kat Szabó specialises in the analysis of shell from archaeological sites across the tropical Asia-Pacific region. She has particular expertise in the analysis of marine and freshwater shell midden deposits, the use of shell as a raw material in artefact production, and the use of mollusc remains in integrated palaeoenvironmental reconstructions.